By Sean Apfelbaum, Teri Lindquist and Andy Smetana

On April 24, 2020, the Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enforcement Act was signed into law, providing additional funding for the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). This is an extension of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), signed into law on March 27, 2020, which established the PPP, a loan program that made $349 billion available to small businesses using the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) existing 7(a) loan program. Applications for the PPP loans became available on April 3, 2020, but the program ran out of funding in 13 days.

The Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enforcement Act expands the PPP and Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) programs and provides additional funding for healthcare providers and testing capabilities. This legislation provides an additional $310 billion for PPP loans. Of the additional amounts available for PPP loans, $60 billion has been set aside for small lenders (split between lenders with less than $10 billion of assets and those with between $10 billion and $50 billion of assets). The legislation also includes an additional $50 billion for EIDLs and $10 billion for emergency EIDL grants. The Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enforcement Act also provides for $75 billion for reimbursements to hospitals and healthcare providers to support COVID-19–related expenses and lost revenue and $25 billion for a “Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund,” intended to be used for researching, developing, validating, manufacturing, and administering COVID-19 tests. This $25 billion includes

  • $11 billion for states, localities, territories, tribes, tribal organizations, urban Indian health organizations, or health service providers to tribes;
  • $1.8 billion for the National Institutes of Health;
  • $1 billion for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
  • $1 billion Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority; and
  • $600 million for the Health Resources and Services Administration.

The Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enforcement Act thus increases the total authorized funding for the PPP program from $349 billion to $659 billion, while also adding $50 billion to the EIDL program and increasing the total authorized funding for the EIDL emergency grant program from $10 billion to $20 billion. We expect the SBA to recommence accepting PPP applications soon, possibly as early as Monday, April 27, 2020.